Lady Bird

Lady Bird is a 2017 American comedy-drama film written and directed by way of Greta Gerwig, and starring Saoirse Ronan, Laurie Metcalf, Tracy Letts, Lucas Hedges, Timothée Chalamet, Beanie Feldstein, Stephen McKinley Henderson, and Lois Smith. Set in Sacramento, California, it's miles a coming-of-age story about a excessive-school senior (Ronan) and her turbulent dating along with her mother (Metcalf).

Lady Bird premiered at the Telluride movie pageant on September 1, 2017, and became theatrically released within the united states on November three, 2017 through A24. The film acquired acclaim, with critics praising Ronan and Metcalf's performances, as well as Gerwig's screenplay and direction.

Christine "Lady Bird" McPherson is a senior student at a Catholic high school in Sacramento in 2002. She has a strained relationship with her parents, and is best friends with Julianne "Julie" Steffans. Christine and Julie join their school's theatre program, where Christine meets a young man named Danny O'Neill. They develop a romantic relationship, leading to Christine joining Danny's family for Thanksgiving dinner rather than doing so with her own family. Their relationship is abruptly broken when Christine finds Danny making out with a boy in a bathroom stall. At the behest of her mother, Christine takes on a menial job at a coffee shop, where she meets an edgy musician named Kyle Scheible. He and Christine begin a romantic relationship, and she begins to drift away from Julie in favor of a friendship with a popular girl named Jenna Walton.

After Jenna is reprimanded by nun teacher Sister Sarah Joan for wearing a short skirt, Jenna bonds with Christine by harmlessly vandalizing Joan's car. Christine tells Jenna that she lives at an address which, in actuality, belongs to Danny's grandmother. Christine drops out of the theatre program, and is later confronted by Danny outside of the coffee shop, where she consoles him after he expresses his struggle to come out. She loses her virginity to Kyle after he falsely refers to himself as a virgin, leading her to find consolation in her mother. Jenna discovers that Christine lied about her address, which essentially ends their friendship. Christine is told that her father has recently lost his job, and discovers that he is battling depression.

Christine begins applying to colleges, hoping to be accepted into one that is out-of-state. She receives several rejection letters, but is elated to discover that she has been placed on the wait list for a university in New York. Despite her uneasy relationship with them, she sets out for her high school's prom alongside Kyle, Jenna, and Jenna's boyfriend, but they decide to drive elsewhere. Christine asks them to drop her off at Julie's apartment, where the two rekindle their friendship and go to the prom together. Christine passes her driving test and repaints her bedroom, removing drawings, photos, and writing from her walls. Her mother discovers that she has applied to out-of-state universities behind her back, causing her mother to become unfeeling towards her.

In 2003, on her eighteenth birthday, Christine's father shares a cupcake with her and jokes that he and her mother cannot afford a divorce. Now of legal age, Christine buys a pack of cigarettes, a scratch-off ticket, and an issue of Playgirl from a convenience store. Christine eventually leaves for New York; her mother coldly drives her to the airport, where Christine heads to the terminal with her father. While driving away, her mother has a change of heart and circles back to say goodbye, but Christine has already departed. In New York, Christine finds thoughtful letters written by her mother and salvaged by her father. Christine is briefly hospitalized after drinking an excessive amount of alcohol at a party. After leaving the hospital, she observes a Sunday church service. Outside the church, she calls home with her cell phone and leaves an apologetic message to her mother.

Gerwig spent a year writing the screenplay—which ended up being 350 pages long—under the working title Mothers and Daughters. Although the film has been described as semi-autobiographical, Gerwig has clarified that "nothing in the movie literally happened in my life, but it has a core of truth that resonates with what I know". To prepare the cast and crew, Gerwig gave them her old high-school yearbooks, photos, and journals, as well as passages written by Joan Didion—and took them on a tour of her hometown. She told the director of photography, Sam Levy, she wanted the film to feel "like a memory," and has said that she "sought to offer a female counterpart to tales like The 400 Blows and Boyhood."

In September 2015, Gerwig met with Saoirse Ronan at the Toronto International Film Festival, where they were promoting Maggie's Plan and Brooklyn, respectively. They ran through the script in a hotel room, with Ronan reading the part of Lady Bird, and Gerwig reading the other characters. Gerwig realized when they got to page two that Ronan was the right choice to play the lead. In January 2016, Ronan was officially cast. Gerwig met with Lucas Hedges and offered him his choice from the male parts. He chose Danny, which Gerwig had written with him in mind. Gerwig cast Laurie Metcalf after seeing her theater work; the rest of the cast—including Tracy Letts, Timothée Chalamet, Beanie Feldstein, John Karna and Jordan Rodrigues—was announced in September 2016.

Principal photography on the film was initially scheduled to begin in March 2016, but was pushed to August due to Ronan's commitments to a performance of Arthur Miller's The Crucible. Filming began on August 30, 2016, in Sacramento, California. Other locations included Los Angeles and New York City.

Ronan dyed her hair red for the role, and did not wear makeup to cover up her acne; she has said she saw the film as "a really good opportunity to let a teenager's face in a movie actually look like a teenager's face in real life". Gerwig, using a technique she learned from the filmmaker Rebecca Miller, arrived an hour before everyone else in order to put the actors and crew at ease by knowing exactly how the day would run. She also banned smartphones on the set—a policy she borrowed from Noah Baumbach.

In July 2017, A24 acquired worldwide distribution rights to the film. The film had its world premiere at the Telluride Film Festival on September 1, 2017, and screened at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2017 and the New York Film Festival on October 8, 2017. Focus Features acquired international distribution rights to the film. It was theatrically released in the United States on November 3, 2017, and is due to be released in the UK on February 16, 2018.

In its limited opening weekend, the film grossed $364,437 from four theaters, for a per-theater average of $91,109. It had the second best theater average of 2017 and the highest-ever for a film in limited release directed by a woman. The film expanded to 37 theaters in its second weekend, and grossed a three day total of $1.2 million, finishing 10th at the box office. In its third weekend, the film expanded to 238 theaters, and grossed a three day total of $2.5 million, finishing 8th at the box office. The film had its official wide release on November 24, playing in 724 theaters and making $4 million over the weekend ($5.4 million over the five-day Thanksgiving frame), finishing 10th.

Lady Bird received a standing ovation at its international premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival. It received critical acclaim for Ronan and Metcalf's performances, and Gerwig's directorial efforts. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 100% based on 170 reviews, with an average rating of 8.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Lady Bird delivers fresh insights about the turmoil of adolescence and reveals debuting writer-director Greta Gerwig as a fully formed filmmaking talent." On November 27, 2017, the film became the most-reviewed film ever to remain at 100% on the site with 164 positive reviews, beating previous record holder Toy Story 2, which has 163 positive reviews. On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 94 out of 100, based on 44 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".

A.O. Scott of The New York Times labelled Lady Bird as "big-screen perfection", and found it to be "exceptionally well-written, full of wordplay and lively argument. Every line sounds like something a person might actually say, which means that the movie is also exceptionally well acted." Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter said the film was "modestly scaled but creatively ambitious" and "succeeds on its own terms as a piquant audience pleaser", and gave praise to Ronan, whom he said "just seems to keep getting better all the time." Peter Debruge of Variety praised Gerwig's direction and script, as well as Ronan's performance.
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